The 1st Ranger Battalion is part of the U.S. Army’s 75th Ranger Regiment, a Special Operations force based at Hunter Army Airfield in Savannah, GA. Highly-trained warriors who are from locations all across the country perform highly specialized tasks including direct action, airfield seizure, airborne and air assaults, special reconnaissance, personnel recovery and high-value target raids. From a successful airfield seizure at Torrijos/Tocumen Airfield in Panama in 1989 during Operation Just Cause to rescuing Prisoner of War Private-First-Class Jessica Lynch in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom in 2003, the Rangers have been instrumental in combat operations around the world. The 75th Ranger Regiment has been on continual deployment since 9/11 and they are still successfully destroying and capturing terrorist networks.No other fighting unit has been constantly deployed.
These are men of extraordinary strength, courage and bravery. The Sua Sponte Foundation commends and thanks them for their dedication and sacrifice for our nation.
A BRIEF HISTORY of the 1st Ranger Battalion:
Recognizing the need for a highly trained and mobile reaction force, the Chief of Staff of the Army, Gen. Creighton Abrams, in the fall of 1973, directed the activation of the first battalion-size Ranger unit.
Headquarters, Forces Command, issued General Order 127, directing the activation of the 1st Battalion (Ranger), 75th Infantry, with an effective date of January 31, 1974.
Selection continued from March through June, 1974, as personnel assembled at Fort Benning, Ga., where cadre training was conducted. On July 1, 1974, the Battalion parachuted into Fort Stewart, Ga., where it was stationed until moving to Hunter Army Airfield, Ga., in September, 1978.
The modern Ranger battalions were first called upon in 1980, as Company C, 1st Battalion (Ranger), 75th Infantry participated in the Iranian hostage rescue attempts. The groundwork for special operations capability of today was laid during training and preparation for this operation.
Rangers and other Special Operations forces from throughout the Department of Defense developed tactics, techniques, and equipment from scratch, as no doctrine existed anywhere in the world. The combat effectiveness of the Battalion led to its deployment to Grenada, October 25, 1983, along with 2D Battalion 75th (Ranger) Infantry to rescue United States students of the True Blue Medical Campus and restore democracy.
The change of the 75th Infantry to the 75th Ranger Regiment occurred in March, 1986, when the 75th Ranger Regiment received the World War II and Korean War Lineage and Honors consolidated and assigned, which caused the battalion to be re-designated as 1st Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment. Wording unclear on this sentence.
On December 20, 1989, the entire 75th Ranger Regiment along with 1st Battalion was again committed to combat operations in “Operation Just Cause.” 1st Battalion’s successful seizure of the Airfield at Torrijos/Tocumen Airport and its subsequent operations contributed significantly to the United States victory in Panama.
From February 12 to April 15, 1991, Company B, and 1st platoon, Company A, 1st Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment, deployed to Saudi Arabia in support of Operation Desert Storm. They conducted one critical raid and provided a quick reaction force in cooperation with Allied Forces. The performances of these Rangers significantly contributed to the overall success of the operation. In September 1994, 1st Battalion deployed to the USS America (CV-66) in support of Operation Uphold Democracy, Haiti.
In December 2001, after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, elements of Headquarters and Headquarters Company and Company A deployed in support of Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan. In 2002, the entire Battalion returned to Afghanistan where they participated in Operation Anaconda, seeing action in the Battle of Takur Gar, also known as Roberts Ridge.
In 2003, 1st Battalion participated in combat operations in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. The Battalion conducted missions across the entire country of Iraq. The Battalion along with Task Force elements distinguished itself during the successful rescue of prisoner of war, Private-First-Class Jessica Lynch.
At the end of 2003, the Battalion deployed again, this time sending elements of the Battalion to both Afghanistan and Iraq.
The Battalion, as of December 2015, has completed over 20 combat rotations in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom.
Recognizing that I volunteered as a Ranger, fully knowing the hazards of my chosen profession, I will always endeavor to uphold the prestige, honor, and high esprit de corps of my Ranger Regiment.
Acknowledging the fact that a Ranger is a more elite soldier, who arrives at the cutting edge of battle by land, sea, or air, I accept the fact that as a Ranger, my country expects me to move further, faster, and fight harder than any other soldier.
Never shall I fail my comrades. I will always keep myself mentally alert, physically strong, and morally straight, and I will shoulder more than my share of the task, whatever it may be, one hundred percent and then some.
Gallantly will I show the world that I am a specially selected and well trained soldier. My courtesy to superior officers, neatness of dress, and care of equipment shall set the example for others to follow.
Energetically will I meet the enemies of my country. I shall defeat them on the field of battle for I am better trained and will fight with all my might. Surrender is not a Ranger word. I will never leave a fallen comrade to fall into the hands of the enemy and under no circumstances will I ever embarrass my country.
Readily will I display the intestinal fortitude required to fight on to the Ranger objective and complete the mission, though I be the lone survivor.
RANGERS LEAD THE WAY!
When the Chief of Staff of the Army GEN Creighton Abrams ordered the formation of the Ranger Battalions in 1974, he directed that they would be the elite, setting the standards for the Army. Maintaining a code of ethics, a Ranger philosophy to live by, the Ranger Creed written by CSM Neal R. Gentry would encompass this philosophy and would be the hallmark of the spirit, discipline, and duty of all Rangers in peace and war. CSM Gentry was handpicked to serve as the first CSM for the 1st Ranger Battalion. Still today, the Ranger Creed is a way of life; a guide for how Rangers conduct themselves. It is the source that binds through loyalty the individual to his Ranger buddies and to his unit.